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你知道鉚焊加工時需要注意問題有哪些嗎?

時間:2020-04-10
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1、鉚焊加工時的電器、內燃機、電機、空氣壓縮機等的使用應有完整的防護外殼,一、二次接線柱處應有保護罩。
1. The use of electrical appliances, internal combustion engines, motors, air compressors and so on in the riveting and welding process should have a complete protective shell, and there should be a protective cover at the one or two junction.
2、焊按操作及配合人員必須按規定穿戴勞動防護用品。并必須采取防止觸電、高空墜落、瓦斯中毒和火災等事故的安全措施。
2. Welding operators and personnel must wear protective clothing according to the regulations. Safety measures must be taken to prevent accidents such as electric shock, high altitude fall, gas poisoning and fire.
濟南鉚焊加工
 
3、現場使用的電焊機,應高有防雨、防潮、防曬的機棚,并應裝設相應的消防器材。
 
3. The welder used on site should be equipped with rainproof, moisture-proof and sunproof machinery shed, and the corresponding fire-fighting equipment should be installed.
4、施焊現場10m范圍內,不得堆放油類、木才、氧氣瓶、乙炔發生器等易燃、易爆物品。
4. Within the 10m scope of the welding site, no inflammable and explosive materials such as oil, wood, oxygen bottles, acetylene generators can be stacked.
5、當長期停用的電焊機恢復使用時,絕緣電阻不得小于0.5MΩ,接線部分不得有腐蝕和受潮現象。
5. When the long-term outage of the welding machine is resumed, the insulation resistance shall not be less than 0.5M, and the wiring part shall not be corroded or damped.
6、電焊機導線應具有良好的絕緣,絕緣電阻不得小于1MΩ,不得將電焊機導線放在高溫物體附近。
6. Welding machine conductor should have good insulation, insulation resistance should not be less than 1M, welding machine conductor should not be placed near high temperature objects.
7、電焊鉗應有良好的絕緣和隔熱能力。電焊鉗握柄必須絕緣良好,握柄與導線連接應牢靠,接觸良好,連接處應采用絕緣布包好并不得外露。操作人員不得用胳膊夾持電焊鉗。
7, the electric welding clamp should have good insulation and heat insulation ability. The grip handle of electric welding clamp must be well insulated, the grip handle should be firmly connected with the conductor, good contact, the connection should be wrapped with insulating cloth and not exposed. The operator shall not hold electric welding pliers with their arms.
8、電焊導線長度不宜大于30m。當需要加長導線時,應相應增加導線的截面。當導線通過道路時,必須架高或穿過防護管內埋設在地下;當通過軌道時,必須從軌道下面通過。當導線絕緣受損或斷股時,應立即更換。
8, the length of electric welding wire should not be greater than 30m. When lengthening conductor is needed, the cross section of conductor should be increased correspondingly. When a conductor passes through a road, it must be erected or buried underground through a protective pipe; when passing through a track, it must pass under the track. When the conductor insulation is damaged or broken, it should be replaced immediately.
9、對承壓狀態的壓力容器及管道、帶電設備、承載結構的受力部位和裝有易燃、易爆物品的容器嚴禁進行焊接和切割。
9. It is strictly forbidden to weld and cut the pressure vessels and pipes, the charged parts, the bearing parts of the bearing structure and the containers equipped with inflammable and explosive materials in the pressure state.
10、焊接銅、鋁、鋅等有色金屬時,應通風良好,焊接人員應戴防毒面罩、呼吸濾清器或采取其他防毒措施。
10. Welding copper, aluminum, zinc and other non-ferrous metals, should be well ventilated, welding personnel should wear anti-virus mask, breathing filter or take other anti-virus measures.
11、當需要焊受壓容器、密封容器、油桶、管道、沾有可燃氣體和溶液的工件時,應先消除容器及管道內丈夫力,消除可燃氣體和溶液,然后沖洗有毒、有害、易燃物質;對存有殘余油脂的容器,應先用蒸汽、堿水沖洗,并找開蓋口,確認容器清洗干凈后,再灌滿清水方可進行焊接。
11. When a pressure vessel, a sealed container, a tank, a pipe, a pipe, a combustible gas and a solution need to be welded, the husbands' force in the container and pipe should be removed first, the combustible gas and solution should be eliminated, and then the toxic, harmful and flammable substances should be washed, and the container with residual oil should be washed with steam and alkaline water first and found open. Cover the mouth and make sure that the container is cleaned before filling with clear water.
12、當焊接預熱焊件溫度達150~700℃時,應設擋板隔離焊件發出的輻射熱,焊接人員應穿戴隔熱的石棉服裝和鞋、帽等。
12. When the temperature of the welding preheating weldment reaches 150~700 C, the radiant heat from the baffle isolating weldment should be set, and the welders should wear insulated asbestos clothing and shoes and caps.
13、高空焊接或切割時,必須系好安全帶,焊接周圍和下方應采取防火措施,并應有專人監護。
13. Safety belt must be fastened when welding or cutting at high altitude. Fire prevention measures should be taken around and below the welding and special guardianship should be taken.
14、雨天不得在露天電焊。在潮濕地帶作業時,操作人員應站有鋪有絕緣物品的地方,并應穿絕緣鞋。
14, the rain day must not be in the open welding. In wet areas, operators should have insulated goods and wear insulating shoes.
15、應按電焊機額定焊接電流和暫載率操作,嚴禁過載。
15, the rated welding current and temporary load rate of electric welder shall be operated strictly without overload.
16、當清除焊縫焊渣時,應戴防護眼鏡,頭部應避開敲擊焊渣飛濺方向
16. When removing welding slag, wear protective glasses. The head should avoid the direction of percussion slag splashing.
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